Youth Profile

 Youth Profile, City of Rochester, NY

City of Rochester Population–US Census 2010

–youth, ages 10-14: 13,492
–youth, ages 15-19: 16,625
–total adolescents: 30,117
Total City of Rochester population 210,565

2010 Race / Ethnicity, Rochester Adolescent Population (ages 10-19) :

–White / Caucasian, not Latino 17%
–Black / African American, not Latino 52%
–Latino 22%
–Other / multiple races   8%

City of Rochester residents, 2010-2014

–% of persons, over age 25, who are High School graduates 80%
–% of persons living below the poverty level 34%
–Language other than English spoken at home 20%
–% of persons living in same house, one year or more 77%
–% uninsured 11%

US Census, American Community Survey Data

 

Child Poverty:

More than 50% of  Rochester youth under age 18 lived in poverty. Rochester’s child poverty rate ranks Number 1 among cities in comparably sized metro areas.  (US Census, American Community Survey data and ACT Rochester.)

Adverse Childhood Experiences:

According to the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey administered to RCSD high school students:

  • 21% of students said they had lived with someone who was an alcoholic, problem drinker, problem gambler, or who took drugs to get high.
  • 19% lived with someone was was depressed, mentally ill or suicidal.
  • 31% had witnessed someone get shot, stabbed or beaten in their neighborhood.

Education:

In the Rochester City School District, 91% of students are classified as economically disadvantaged.  20% of students have disabilities, and 13% are English learners.  58% of students are African American, 28% are Latino; 10% are White and 4% are Asian. (RCSD Comprehensive Improvement Plan, 2017-18)

Among students who entered grade 9 at Rochester City School District in 2013, about 52% graduated four years later, by June 2017.  The graduation rate for African American students was 53%.  The graduation rate for Hispanic students was 48%. (NYS Education Dept. RCSD Report Card)

Rochester students, like those in Buffalo, Albany and Syracuse, are isolated by race and class. New York schools are the most segregated in the nation.  (UCLA Civil Rights Project, 2014.)  85% of RCSD students attend a “chronically under-performing school”.  (RCSD Comprehensive Improvement Plan, 2017-18.)

 Youth Violence:

 Homicide was the leading cause of death among City of Rochester youth between 2012 and 2016.  Most youth homicide victims in Rochester are African American males.  (Adolescent Health Report Card, 2012, Monroe Co. Dept. of Public Health)

According to the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey administered in RCSD high schools:

  • 15% of students say they carried a weapon in past 30 days
  • 5% of students say they carried a gun in past 30 days.
  • 8% of students say they missed school in the past 30 days because they felt unsafe at school or on the way to school
  • 16% of students say they were teased, harassed or attacked at school or on the way to school in past 30 days.
  • 28% of students say they were in a physical fight at least once during last 12 months.
  • 12% of students say that a parent/adult in the home physically hurt them during last 12 months.
  • 10% of students said that their boyfriend/girlfriend hit or physically hurt them during the past year.
  • 10% of students said they had been physically forced to have sexual intercourse or to touch someone or be touched by someone sexually.

(2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, administered by Rochester City School District)

20161018_151155-red Health Care

  • 67% of RCSD students said they had seen a health care provider for a check up or well care visit within the past two years.
  • 61% of students say they had a chance, within the past year, to speak privately to a health care provider, without parents or others in the room.

(2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, administered by Rochester City School District)

 Youth HIV Rates

  • In 2017, 10 cases of HIV were newly diagnosed in Rochester among young people, ages 24 and younger.

(Monroe County Dept. of Public Health)

Youth STD Rates

  • In 2017, there were 1,988 cases of Chlamydia diagnosed among Rochester youth, ages 24 and younger.   In 2016, there were 1,930 cases diagnosed.
  • In 2017, there were 608 cases of Gonorrhea diagnosed among Rochester youth, ages 24 and younger.   In 2016, there were 762 cases diagnosed.
  • Untreated STDs are a common cause of pelvic inflammatory disease, and infertility; and can increase the spread of HIV, and cause cancer

(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Monroe County Dept. of Public Health)

Mental Health

 RCSD high school students reported in the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey the following:

  • 29% in the past year felt sad or hopeless almost every day for two weeks or more in row and stopped doing some usual activities.
  • 10% in the past year made a plan about attempting suicide
  • 17% had injured themselves on purpose (cutting, burning, bruising)

 Drug, Alcohol and Tobacco Use

 RCSD high school students reported in the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey the following:

  • 18%  drank alcohol (at least one drink) in past month.
  • 9%  engaged in binge drinking (5 or more drinks of alcohol in a row) in the past month
  • 22% used marijuana in the past month
  • 10% were under the influence of marijuana while in school
  • 5% smoked a cigarette before age 13
  • 5% smoked a cigarette in the past 30 days.  This rate has declined since 2007, when 13% of students reported smoking in the past month.
  • Of current smokers, 18% had tried to quit smoking cigarettes and all tobacco products in the past year

 Lead Poisoning

In 2014, 139 children were reported with elevated blood lead levels of more than 10 micrograms of lead per deciliter of blood.  An additional 470 children had lead levels of more that 5 micrograms of lead per deciliter of blood.  A total of 609 children tested positive for lead that year.

The number of children under the age of six diagnosed with elevated blood levels greater than 10 micrograms per decileter has decreased from 900 children in 2004 to 139 children in 2014.    (Coalition to Prevent Lead Poisoning, June 2015).